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guage, but they spoke according to the language | 27 And shall we also be disobedient and do of this and that people. all this great evil to transgress against our God, and marry strange women?

25 And chid them, and laid my curse upon them. And I beat some of them, and shaved off their hair, and I made them swear by God that they would not give their daughters to their sons, nor take their daughters for their sons, nor for themselves, saying:

26 Did not Solomon king of Israel sin in this kind of thing? and surely among many nations, there was not a king like him, and he was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: band yet women of other countries brought even him to sin.

3 Kin. 3. 1. & 11. 1.-b 3 Kin. 11. 4.

28 And one of the sons of Joiada the son of Eliasib the high priest, was son-in-law to Sanaballat the Horonite, and I drove him from me. 29 Remember them, O Lord my God, that de file the priesthood, and the law of priests and Levites.

30 So I separated from them all strangers, and I appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites, every man in his ministry:

31 And for the offering of wood at times appointed, and for the first-fruits: remember me, 10 my God, unto good. Amen.

THE BOOK OF TOBIAS.

This Book takes its name from the holy man Tobias, whose wonderful virtues are herein recorded. It contains most excellent documents of great piety, extraordinary patience, and of a perfect resignation to the will of God. His humble prayer was heard, and the Angel Raphael was sent to relieve him: he is thankful and praises the Lord, calling on the children of Israel to do the same. Having lived to the age of one hundred and two years, he exhorts his son and grandsons to piety, foretels the destruction of Ninive and the rebuilding of Jerusalem: he dies happily.

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in his work.

5 Moreover when all went to the golden calves which Jeroboam king of Israel had made, he alone fled the company of all,

6 And went to Jerusalem to the temple of the Lord, and there adored the Lord God of Israel, offering faithfully all his first-fruits,and his tithes 7 So that in the third year he gave all his tithes to the proselytes, and strangers.

8 These and such like things did he observe when but a boy according to the law of God. 9 But when he was a man, he took to wife Anna of his own tribe, and had a son by her, whom he called after his own name,

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23 But Tobias fleeing naked away with his son and with his wife, lay concealed, for many loved him.

24 'But after forty five days, the king was kill

10 And from his infancy he taught him to feared by his own sons. God, and to abstain from all sin.

11 And when by the captivity he, with his wife and his son and all his tribe, was come to the city of Ninive,

12 (When all eat of the meats of the Gentiles) he kept his soul, and never was defiled with their

meats.

13 And because he was mindful of the Lord with all his heart, God gave him favour in the sight of Salmanasar the king.

14 And he gave him leave to go whithersoever he would, with liberty to do whatever he had a mind.

his substance was restored to him.
25 And Tobias returned to his house, and all

CHAP. II.

Tobias leareth his dinner to bury the dead: he loseth his sight by God's permission, for manifestation of his patience.

BUT after this, when there was a festival of the Lord, and a good dinner was prepared in Tobias's house,

2 He said to his son: Go, and bring some of our tribe that fear God, to feast with us. 3 And when he had gone, returning he told

4 Kin. 17. 3. & 18. 9. A. M. 3283. A. C. 721-6 3 Kin. 12.

15 He therefore went to all that were in capti-28AM. 3287-d 4 Kin. 19. 55. Eccli. 48. 24. 2 Mac. 8. 19. vity, and gave them wholesome admonitions.

- A. M. 3294.- 4 Kin. 19. 37. 2 Par. 32. 21. Isa. 37. 38.

him, that one of the children of Israel lay slain | 23 And with these and other such like words in the street. And he forthwith leaped up from she upbraided him. his place at the table, and left his dinner, and came fasting to the body:

4 And taking it up carried it privately to his house, that after the sun was down, he might bury him cautiously.

5 And when he had hid the body, he eat bread

with mourning and fear,

6 Remembering the word which the Lord spoke by Amos the prophet: Your festival days shall be turned into lamentation and mourning. 7 So when the sun was down, he went and buried him.

8 Now all his neighbours blamed him, saying: Once already commandment was given for thee to be slain because of this matter, and thou didst scarce escape the sentence of death, and dost thou again bury the dead?

9 But Tobias fearing God more than the king, carried off the bodies of them that were slain, and hid them in his house, and at mid-night buried them.

10 Now it happened one day, that being wearied with burying, he came to his house, and cast himself down by the wall and slept.

11 And as he was sleeping, hot dung out of a swallow's nest fell upon his eyes, and he was made blind.

12 Now this trial the Lord therefore permitted to happen to him, that an example might be given to posterity of his patience, as also of holy Job. 13 For whereas he had always feared God from his infancy, and kept his commandments, he repined not against God because the evil of blindness had befallen him,

14 But continued immoveable in the fear of God, giving thanks to God all the days of his life. 15 For as the kings insulted over holy Job: so his relations and kinsmen mocked at his life, saying:

16 Where is thy hope, for which thou gavest alms, and buriedst the dead?

17 But Tobias rebuked them, saying: speak

not so:

18 For we are the children of saints, and look for that life which God will give to those that never change their faith from him.

19 Now Anna his wife went daily to weaving work, and she brought home what she could get for their living by the labour of her hands.

20 Whereby it came to pass, that she received a young kid, and brought it home:

21 And when her husband heard it bleating, he said: Take heed, lest perhaps it be stolen, restore ye it to its owners, for it is not lawful for us either to eat or to touch any thing that cometh by theft.

22 At these words his wife being angry answered: It is evident thy hope is come to nothing, and thy alms now appear.

Am. 8. 10. 1 Mac. 1. 41.-b Supra, 1. 21.- A. M. 3295.— Deut. 22. 1.- Job, 22. 9. Deut. 28. 15.

Ch. 2. v. 15. Kings. So Job's three friends are here called, because they were princes in their respective

territories.

Ch. 3. v. 7. Rages. In the Greek it is Ecbatana, which

was also called Rages. For there were two cities in

CHAP. III

The prayer of Tobias, and of Sara, in their several afflictions, are heard by God, and the Angel Raphael is sent to relieve them.

T

HEN Tobias sighed, and began to pray with tears,

2 Saying: Thou art just, O Lord, and all thy judgments are just, and all thy ways mercy, and truth, and judgment:

3 And now, O Lord, think of me, and take not revenge of my sins, neither remember my offences, nor those of my parents.

4 For we have not obeyed thy commandments, therefore are we delivered to spoil and to captivity, and death, and are made a fable, and a reproach to all nations, amongst which thou hast scattered us.

5 And now, O Lord, great are thy judgments, because we have not done according to thy precepts, and have not walked sincerely before thee: 6 And now, O Lord, do with me according to thy will, and command my spirit to be received in peace: for it is better for me to die, than to live.

7 Now it happened on the same day, that Sara daughter of Raguel, in Rages a city of the Medes, received a reproach from one of her father's servant-maids,

8 Because she had been given to seven husbands, and a devil named Asmodeus had killed them, at their first going in unto her. 9 So when she reproved the maid for her fault, she answered her, saying: May we never see son, or daughter of thee upon the earth, thou murderer of thy husbands.

10 Wilt thou kill me also, as thou hast already killed seven husbands? At these words she went into an upper chamber of her house: and for three days and three nights did neither eat, nor drink:

11 But continuing in prayer with tears besought God, that he would deliver her from this reproach.

12 And it came to pass on the third day, when she was making an end of her prayer, blessing the Lord,

13 She said: Blessed is thy name, O God of our fathers: who when thou hast been angry, wilt shew mercy, and in the time of tribulation forgivest the sins of them that call upon thee.

14 To thee, O Lord, I turn my face, to thee 1 direct my eyes.

15 I beg, O Lord, that thou loose me from the bond of this reproach, or else take me away from the earth.

16 Thou knowest, O Lord, that I never covet ed a husband, and have kept my soul clean from all lust.

17 Never have I joined my self with them that play: neither have I made myself partaker with them that walk in lightness.

18 But a husband I consented to take, with thy fear, not with my lust.

19 And either I was unworthy of them, or they Media of the name of Rages. Raguel dwelt in one of perhaps were not worthy of me: because per haps thou hast kept me for another man.

them, and Gabelus in the other.

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23 Be thy name, O God of Israel, blessed for ever. 24 At that time the prayers of them both were heard in the sight of the glory of the most high God:

25 And the holy angel of the Lord Raphael was sent to heal them both, whose prayers at one time were rehearsed in the sight of the Lord. CHAP. IV.

Tobias thinking he shall die, giveth his son godly admonitions: and telleth him of money he had lent to a friend.

THEREFORE when Tobias thought that his prayer was heard that he might die, he called to him Tobias his son,

2 And said to him: Hear, my son, the words of my mouth, and lay them as a foundation in thy heart,

3 When God shall take my soul, thou shalt bury my body: band thou shalt honour thy mother all the days of her life:

4 For thou must be mindful what and how great perils she suffered for thee in her womb.

5 And when she also shall have ended the time of her life, bury her by me.

mind and take heed thou never consent to sin, 6 And all the days of thy life have God in thy nor transgress the commandments of the Lord our God.

7 Give alms out of thy substance, and turn not away thy face from any poor person: for so it shall come to pass that the face of the Lord

shall not be turned from thee.

8 According to thy ability be merciful.

9 If thou have much give abundantly: if thou have little, take care even so to bestow willingly

a little.

10 For thus thou storest up to thyself a good reward for the day of necessity.

11 For alms deliver from all sin, and from death, and will not suffer the soul to go into darkness.

12 Alms shall be a great confidence before the most high God, to all them that give it.

13 Take heed to keep thyself, my son, from all fornication, and beside thy wife never endure

to know a crime.

14 Never suffer pride to reign in thy mind, or in thy words: for from it all perdition took its beginning.

15 Ifany man hath done any work for thee, immediately pay him his hire, and let not the wages of thy hired servant stay with thee at all. 16 See thou never do to another what thou wouldst hate to have done to thee by another. 17 Eat thy bread with the hungry and the needy, and with thy garments cover the naked.

A. M. 3299.-b Exo. 20. 12. Eccli. 7. 29.- Pro. 3. 9. Eccli.

4. 1. & 14. 13. Luke, 14. 13.-d Eccli. 35. 22. Eccli. 29. 15.

f1 Thes. 4. 3.- Gen. 3. 5.-b Lev. 19. 13. Deut. 24. 14.- Mat. 7. 12. Luke, 6. 31.- Luke, 14. 13. Rom. 8. 17.

| 18 Lay out thy bread, and thy wine upon the burial of a just man, and do not eat and drink thereof with the wicked.

19 Seek counsel always of a wise man. 20 Bless God at all times: and desire of hirm to direct thy ways, and that all thy counsels may abide in him.

21 I tell thee also, my son, that I lent ten talents of silver, while thou wast yet a child, to Gabelus, in Rages a city of the Medes, and I have a note of his hand with me: 22 Now therefore inquire how thou mayst go to him, and receive of him the foresaid sum of money, and restore to him the note of his hand 23 Fear not, my son: we lead indeed a poor life, but we shall have many good things if we fear God, and depart from all sin, and do that which is good.

CHAP. V.

Young Tobias seeking a guide for his journey, the Angel Raphael in shape of a man, undertaketh this office.

THEN Tobias answered his father, and said I will do all things, father, which thou hast commanded me.

2 But how I shall get this money, I cannot tell; he knoweth not me, and I know not him: know the way which leadeth thither. what token shall I give him? nor did I ever

3 Then his father answered him, and said: I thou shalt shew him, he will presently pay it. have a note of his hand with me, which when 4 But go now, and seek thee out some faithful 5 Then Tobias going forth, found a beautiful man, to go with thee for his hire: that thou mayst receive it, while I yet live. young man, standing girded, and as it were ready to walk.

6 And not knowing that he was an Angel of God, he saluted him, and said: From whence art thou, good young man?

7 But he answered: Of the children of Israel. And Tobias said to him: Knowest thou the 8 And he answered: I know it: and I have of way that leadeth to the country of the Medes? have abode with Gabelus our brother, who dwellten walked through all the ways thereof, and I eth at Rages a city of the Medes, which is situ

ate in the mount of Ecbatana.

9 And Tobias said to him: Stay for me, I beseech thee, till I tell these same things to my father.

10 Then Tobias going in told all these things miration,desired that he would come in unto him. to his father. Upon which his father being in adbe to thee always. 11 So going in he saluted him, and said: Joy

12 And Tobias said: What manner of joy shall light of heaven? be to me, who sit in darkness, and see not the

13 And the young man said to him: Be of good courage, thy cure from God is at hand.

duct my son to Gabelus at Rages a city of the Medes? and when thou shalt return, I will pay thee thy hire.

14 And Tobias said to him: Canst thou con

15 And the Angel said to him: I will conduct him thither, and bring him back to thee. 16 And Tobias said to him: I pray thee, tell

me, of what family, or what tribe art thou? 17 And Raphael the Angel answered: Dost thou seek the family of him thou hirest, or the hired servant himself to go with thy son? 18 But lest I should make thee uneasy, I am Azarias the son of the great Ananias..

19 And Tobias answered: Thou art of a great family. But I pray thee be not angry that I desire to know thy family.

20 And the Angel said to him: I will lead thy son safe, and bring him to thee again safe. 21 And Tobias answering, said: May you have a good journey, and God be with you in your way, and his Angel accompany you. 22 Then all things being ready, that were to be carried in their journey, Tobias bid his father and his mother farewell, and they set out both together.

23 And when they were departed, his mother began to weep, and to say: Thou hast taken the staff of our old age, and sent him away from us. 24 I wish the money for which thou hast sent him, had never been.

25 For our poverty was sufficient for us, that we might account it as riches, that we saw our son. 26 And Tobias said to her: Weep not, our son will arrive thither safe, and will return safe to us, and thy eyes shall see him.

27 For I believe that the good Angel of God doth accompany him, and doth order all things well that are done about him, so that he shall return to us with joy.

28 At these words his mother ceased weeping, and held her peace.

CHAP. VI.

By the Angel's advice young Tobias taketh hold on a fish that assaulteth him. Reserveth the heart, the gall, and the liver for medicines. They lodge at the house of Raguel, whose daughter Sara Tobias is to marry; she had before been married to seven husbands who

were all slain by a devil.

ND Tobias went forward, and the dog folA lowed him, and he lodged the first night by the river of Tigris.

2 And he went out to wash his feet, and behold a monstrous fish came up to devour him. 3 And Tobias being afraid of him, cried out with a loud voice, saying: Sir, he cometh upon me. 4 And the Angel said to him: Take him by the gill, and draw him to thee. And when he had done so, he drew him out upon the land, and he began to pant before his feet.

5 Then the Angel said to him: Take out the entrails of this fish, and lay up his heart, and his gall, and his liver, for thee: for these are necessary for useful medicines.

6 And when he had done so, he roasted the flesh thereof, and they took it with them in the way. Infra, 10. 4.-b A. M. 3299.- Num. 27. 8. & 36. 8.- A. M. 3299.

Ch. 5. v. 18. Azarias. The Angel took the form of Azarias; and therefore might call himself by the name of the man whom he personated. Azarias, in Hebrew, signifies the help of God, and Ananias the grace of God. Ch. 6. v. 8. Its heart, &c. The liver, (v. 19.) God was pleased to give to these things a virtue against those proud spirits, to make them, who affected to be like the Most High, subject to such mean corporeal creatures as instruments of his power.

Ver. 15 To hell. That is, to the place where the souls of the good were kept before the coming of Christ.

the rest they salted as much as might serve them. till they came to Rages the city of the Medes. 7 Then Tobias asked the Angel, and said to him: I beseech thee, brother Azarias, tell me what remedies are these things good for, which thou hast bid me keep of the fish?

8 And the Angel answering, said to him: If thou put a little piece of its heart upon coals, the smoke thereof driveth away all kind of devils, either from man or from woman, so that they come no more to them.

9 And the gall is good for anointing the eyes, in which there is a white speck, and they shall

be cured.

10 And Tobias said to him: Where wilt thou that we lodge?

11 And the Angel answering, said: Here is one whose name is Raguel, a near. kinsman of thy tribe, and he hath a daughter named Sara, but he hath no son nor any other daughter beside her. 12 All his substance is due to thee, and thou must take her to wife.

13 Ask her therefore of her father, and he will give her thee to wife.

14 Then Tobias answered, and said: I hear that she hath been given to seven husbands, and they all died: moreover I have heard, that a devil killed them.

15 Now I am afraid, lest the same thing should happen to me also: and whereas I am the only child of my parents, I should bring down their old age with sorrow to hell.

16 Then the Angel Raphael said to him: Hear me, and I will shew thee who they are, over whom the devil can prevail.

17 For they who in such manner receive matrimony, as to shut out God from themselves, and from their mind, and to give themselves to their lust, as the horse and mule, which have not understanding, over them the devil hath power. the chamber, and for three days keep thyself 18 But thou when thou shalt take her, go into continent from her, and give thyself to nothing 19 And on that night lay the liver of the fish else but to prayers with her. on the fire, and the devil shall be driven away. 20 But the second night thou shalt be admitted into the society of the holy Patriarchs. 21 And the third night thou shalt obtain a bless22 And when the third night is past, thou shalt ing that sound children may be born of you. rather for love of children than for lust, that in take the virgin with the fear of the Lord, moved the seed of Abraham thou mayst obtain a blessing in children.

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AND they went into Raguel, and Raguel received them with joy.

2 And Raguel looking upon Tobias, said to Anna his wife: How like is this young man to my cousin?

3 And when he had spoken these words, he said: Whence are ye, young men our brethren? 4 But they said: We are of the tribe of Nephthali, of the captivity of Ninive.

5 And Raguel said to them: Do you know Tobias my brother? And they said: We know him.

6 And when he was speaking many good things of him, the Angel said to Raguel: Tobias concerning whom thou inquirest is this young man's father.

7 And Raguel went to him, and kissed him with tears, and weeping upon his neck, said: A blessing be upon thee, my son, because thou art the son of a good and most virtuous man. 8 And Anna his wife, and Sara their daughter wept.

9 And after they had spoken, Raguel commanded a sheep to be killed, and a feast to be prepared. And when he desired them to sit down to dinner, 10 Tobias said I will not eat nor drink here this day, unless thou first grant me my petition, and promise to give me Sara thy daughter. 11 Now when Raguel heard this he was afraid, knowing what had happened to those seven husbands, that went in unto her: and he began to fear lest it might happen to him also in like manner and as he was in suspense, and gave no answer to his petition,

12 The angel said to him: Be not afraid to give her to this man, for to him who feareth God is thy daughter due to be his wife: therefore another could not have her.

13 Then Raguel said: I doubt not but God hath regarded my prayers and tears in his sight. 14 And I believe he hath therefore made you come to me, that this maid might be married to one of her own kindred, "according to the law of Moses and now doubt not but I will give her to thee.

15 And taking the right hand of his daughter, he gave it into the right hand of Tobias, saying: The God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob be with you, and may he join you together, and fulfil his blessing in you. 16 And taking paper they made a writing of the marriage.

17 And afterwards they made merry, blessing God.

18 And Raguel called to him Anna his wife, and bid her prepare another chamber.

19 And she brought Sara her daughter in thither, and she wept.

20 And she said to her: Be of good cheer, my daughter: the Lord of heaven give thee joy for the trouble thou hast undergone.

CHAP. VIII.

Tobias burneth part of the fish's liver and Raphael bindeth the devil. Tobias and Sara pray. ND after they had supped, they brought in the young man to her.

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2 And Tobias remembering the angel's word, took out of his bag part of the liver, and laid it| upon burning coals.

3 Then the angel Raphael took the devil, and bound him in the desert of Upper Egypt. 4 Then Tobias exhorted the virgin, and said to her: Sara, arise, and let us pray to God today, and to-morrow, and the next day because for these three nights we are joined to God: and when the third night is over, we will be in our own wedlock.

5 For we are the children of saints, and we must not be joined together like heathens that know not God.

Num. 36. 6.-b A. M. 3299.- Gen. 2. 7.-d A. M. 3299.

6 So they both arose, and prayed earnestly both together that health might be given them, 7 And Tobias said: Lord God of our fathers, may the heavens and the earth, and the sea, and the fountains, and the rivers, and all thy creatures that are in them, bless thee. 8 Thou madest Adam of the slime of the earth, and gavest him Eve for a helper. 9 And now, Lord, thou knowest, that not for fleshly lust do I take my sister to wife, but only for the love of posterity, in which thy name may be blessed for ever and ever.

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10 Sara also said: Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us, and let us grow old both together in health.

11 And it came to pass about the cock crowing, Raguel ordered his servants to be called for, and they went with him together to dig a grave. 12 For he said: Lest perhaps it may have happened to him, in like manner as it did to the other seven husbands, that went in unto her. 13 And when they had prepared the pit, Raguel went back to his wife, and said to her: 14 Send one of thy maids, and let her see if he be dead, that I may bury him before it be day. 15 So she sent one of her maid servants, who went into the chamber, and found them safe and sound, sleeping both together. 16 And returning she brought the good news: and Raguel and Anna his wife blessed the Lord, 17 And said: We bless thee, O Lord God of Israel, because it hath not happened as we suspected.

18 For thou hast shewn thy mercy to us,and hast shut out from us the enemy that persecuted us. 19 And thou hast taken pity upon two only children. Make them, O Lord, bless thee more fully: and to offer up to thee a sacrifice of thy praise, and of their health, that all nations may know, that thou alone art God in all the earth. 20 And immediately Raguel commanded his servants, to fill up the pit they had made, before it was day.

21 And he spoke to his wife to make ready a feast, and prepare all kind of provisions that are necessary for such as go a journey.

22 He caused also two fat kine, and four wethers to be killed, and a banquet to be prepared for all his neighbours, and all his friends. 23 And Raguel adjured Tobias, to abide with him two weeks.

24 And of all things which Raguel possessed, he gave one half to Tobias, and made a writing, that the half that remained should after their decease come also to Tobias.

THEN

CHAP. IX.

The Angel Raphael goeth to Gabelus, receiveth the money, and bringeth him to the marriage. HEN Tobias called the Angel to him, whom he took to be a man, and said to him: Brother Azarias, I pray thee hearken to my words:

2 If I should give myself to be thy servant I should not make a worthy return for thy care. 3 However, I beseech thee, to take with thee beasts and servants, and to go to Gabelus to Rages the city of the Medes: and to restore to him his note of hand, and receive of him the money, and desire him to come to my wedding.

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