The Language and Reality of Time
Clarendon Press, 11/05/2006 - 234 من الصفحات
Thomas Sattig's book develops a comprehensive framework for doing philosophy of time. He brings together a variety of different perspectives, linking our ordinary conception of time with the physicist's conception, and linking questions about time addressed in metaphysics with questions addressed in the philosophy of language. Within this framework, Sattig explores the temporal dimension of the material world in relation to the temporal dimension of our ordinary discourse about the world. The discussion is centred around the dispute between three-dimensionalists and four-dimensionalists about whether the temporal profile of ordinary objects mirrors their spatial profile. Are ordinary objects extended in time in the same way in which they are extended in space? Do they have temporal as well as spatial parts? Four-dimensionalists say 'yes', three-dimensionalists say 'no'. Sattig develops an original three-dimensionalist picture of the material world, and argues that this picture is preferable to its four-dimensionalists rivals if ordinary thought and talk are taken seriously. Among the issues that Sattig discusses are the metaphysics of persistence, change, composition, location, coincidence, and relativity; the ontology of past, present, and future; and the semantics of predication, tense, temporal modifiers, and sortal terms.
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According account of temporal adverbialism answer argument Assuming avoids base Charlie claim coincidence complex concerning consequence consider construed contains dimension discussion distinct entails equivalent example existence explain extended facts four-dimensionalism four-dimensionalist frame function further given happy hence hyperplanes identical instantaneous instantaneous temporal instantiation intuitive language lump means metaphysical modal modifier natural notion object occupies occupies operator ordinary conception ordinary objects ordinary temporal past persistence person points possible present principle problem properties question reading reason reference relation relative relativistic relativized representational representative requirement respect semantic sense sentence shapes simpliciter simultaneity sortal sorts space spacetime conception spacetime points spacetime region spatial spatiotemporal location standard statement statue temporal predication temporal supervenience temporal-parts account temporal-regions account temporally modified tense tenseless tenser theory of temporal thesis things three-dimensionalism three-dimensionalist true truth conditions TS4D universals utterance variation various