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z Matt. xii.
xiv. 30: xvi. 11. Acts xxvi. 18.
I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. 29 The bpeople therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him. 30 Jesus. 18. ch. answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. 31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. 32 And I, a if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw ball men unto b render, multitude. c render, hath spoken.
iv, 4. Eph. ii. 2: vi. 12.
ach. iii. 14:
d render, for my sake.
'Voice' can no otherwise be understood, than as a plain articulate sound, miraculously spoken, heard by all, and variously interpreted. So all the ancients, and the best of the modern expositors. On the saying of the crowd (ver. 29) has been built the erroneous and unworthy notion, that it was only thunder, but understood by the Lord and the disciples to mean as here stated. I have glorified it] In the manifestation hitherto made of the Son of God, imperfect as it was (see Matt. xvi. 16, 17); in all Old Testament type and prophecy; in Creation; and indeed before the world was made. The word again here implies no mere repetition, but an intensification, of the glorification a yet once more: and this time fully and finally. 29.] Some heard words, but did not apprehend their meaning; others a sound, but no words. I should rather believe this difference to have been proportioned to each man's inner relation to Christ, than fortuitous. 30.] The voice had been heard by those, who did not apprehend its meaning, as thunder. But the words, this voice, could not by any possibility have been said to them, if it had only thundered. Our Lord does not say that the assurance was not made for His sake:-He had prayed, and His prayer had been answered:-but that it had not been thus outwardly expressed for His, but for their sake. This is likewise true in the case of all testimonies to Him; and especially of those two other voices from heaven,-at His Baptism and His Transfiguration. Those addressed in the words, for your sakes, are the whole multitude, not merely the disciples. All heard, and all might have understood the voice: see ch. xi. 42. 31.] All this is a comment on the declaration, that the hour was come, ver. 23: and now a different side of the subject is taken up, and one having immediate reference to the occasion: viz. the drawing of the Gentile world to Him. Now... now] He speaks of Himself as having actually en
Rom. v. 18.
tered the hour of His passion, and views the result as already come. the judgment of this world is not, as Chrysostom, Augustine, and others think, the deliverance of this world from the devil ;' -nor, 'decision concerning this world,' who is to possess it (Bengel):-but (see ch. xvi. 11) judgment, properly so called, the work of the Spirit who was to come, on the world, of which it is said that "the whole world lieth in wickedness (the wicked one)," 1 John v. 19. the prince of this world] The "prince of the age" of the Jews, Satan, the "god of this world" of 2 Cor. iv. 4: see also Eph. ii. 2; vi. 12. Observe it is shall be cast out, not "is cast out," because the casting out shall be gradual, as the drawing in the next verse. But after the death of Christ the casting out began, and its firstfruits were, the coming in of the Gentiles into the Church. 32. if I be lifted up] See the references. Here there is more perhaps implied than in either of those places : viz. the Death, with all its consequences. The Saviour crucified, is in fact the Saviour glorified; so that the exalting to God's right hand is set forth by that uplifting on the Cross. There is a fine touch of pathos, corresponding to the feeling of ver. 27, in the words, if I be lifted up. The Lord Jesus, though knowing that the lifting up would really take place, yet in the weakness of His humanity, puts Himself into this seeming doubt, 'if it is so to be:' cf. Matt. xxvi. 42. All this is missed by the shallow and unscholarlike rendering "when I shall be lifted up," which the original will not bear. will draw all men unto me] By the diffusion of the Spirit in the Church manifested in the preaching of the Word mediately, and the pleading of the Spirit immediately. Before the glorification of Christ, the Father drew men to the Son (see ch. vi. 44 and note), but now the Son Himself to Himself. Then it was "no man can come except the Father draw him :" now the Son draws
c ch. xviii. 89.
d Ps. lxxxix. 36, 37: cx. 4. Isa. ix. 7:
f Jer. xiii. 16.
Eph. v. 8.
g ch. xi. 10.
33 c This he said, signifying what death he should 34 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that 8 Christ abideth for ever: and how
25. Dan. ii. sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is
44: vii. 14,
this Son of man? 35 h Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a
1 John ii. 11.
e ch. i. 9: viii. little while is the light with you. Walk while ye
12: ix. 5.
have the light, i lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. 36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may h Luke xvi. 8. h1 be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and
Eph. v. 8.
departed, and i did hide himself from them.
37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him: 38 that the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, e render, myself.
render, by what manner of death: see ch. xix. 32, xxi. 19. ff render, multitude.
g render, the Christ.
1 Thess. v. 5.
i ch. viii. 59: xi. 54.
h render, Jesus therefore.
i render, that darkness overtake you not.
render, the darkness.
all. And, to Himself, as thus uplifted,
render, become sons.
indeed can only be done while it is with
37-50.] FINAL JUDGMENT ON THE UNBELIEF OF THE JEWS. 37-43.] The Evangelist's judgment on their unbelief (37-41), and their half-belief (42, 43). I do not regard these verses as forming the conclusion to the narrative of the public ministry of the Lord, on account of vv. 44-50 (where see note): but doubtless the approaching close of that ministry gives occasion to them, and is the time to which they refer. 37. they believed not] i. e. the generality did not ;they did not, as a people: see ver. 42. 38.] On the words that the saying of Esaias might be fulfilled see note Matt. i. 22: beware of understanding them to mean merely "so that the saying of Esaias was fulfilled," which the original
Rom. x. 16.
* Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath ISA. liii. 1. the arm of the Lord been revealed? 39 m Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, 401 He 1 Isa. vi. 9, 10. hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. 41 m These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and m Isa. vi. 1. spake of him.
42 Nevertheless Pamong the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did nch. vii. 13: not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: 43° for they loved the praise of men more than och. v. 44. the praise of God.
44 t Jesus cried and said, P He that believeth on me, P Mark ix. 57. believeth not on me, but on him that sent me. 45 And
1 i. 21.
m render, For this cause.
n render, And.
• read and render, because he saw his glory: and he spake of him. P render, even of the rulers.
I better, it not expressed in the original. rrender, the glory that is of men. render, the glory that is of God.
will not bear.
trender, But Jesus.
that of the Son, Who is the brightness
q ch. xiv. 9. r ver. 35, 36.
ch. iii. 19: viii. 12: ix. 5, 39.
s ch. v. 45:
viii. 15, 26. t ch.
u Luke x. 16. not to judge the world, but to save the world.
y ch. viii. 38: xiv. 10.
9 he that seeth me a seeth him that sent me.
46 I am
come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness. 47 And if any man hear
my words, and I believe not, I judge him not: for I came 48 u He
x Deut. xviii. that judgeth him : the word that I
z Deut. xviii. 18.
a ch. xii. 23: xvii. 1, 11.
that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one
same shall judge him in the last day.
XIII. 1 Now before the feast of the passover, dwhen Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which
u render, beholdeth.
render, may not remain in the darkness.
y read, keep them not.
a render, spake not.
46.] See ver. 35; ch. viii. 12; ix.
XIII-XVII.] HIS LOVE, AND THE
have spoken, the
49 For I a have
z render, spake.
d render, Jesus knowing.
On the chronological difficulties, see notes on Matt. xxvi. 17, and ch. xviii. 28. There can be no reasonable doubt that this meal was the same as that at which the Lord's Supper was instituted, as related in the three Evangelists. The narrative proceeds without any break until ch. xvii. 26, after which our Lord and the disciples go to Gethsemane. 1. before the feast of the passover] How long, is not said: but probably, a very short time; -not more than one day at the most see ch. xviii. 28 and note. The words belong to the whole narrative following, not to knowing or having loved. knowing] The view with which our Lord washed His disciples' feet, is shewn by the repetition of this word in verses 1, 3, and by the mention of His love for His disciples. The connexion is:- Jesus loved His own even to the end (of His life in the flesh), and gave them in the washing of their feet a proof of His love; and to this act He was induced by the knowledge that He must soon leave this world; and although this knowledge was united (ver. 3) with the highest consciousness of His divine mission and speedy glorification, yet this latter did not prevent Him from giving this proof of His self-humiliating love' (De Wette). his own which
xvii. 2. Acts
were in the world, [he] loved them unto the end. 2 And f supper being ended, the devil having now put into the b ver. 27. heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him; 3 [ Jesus] knowing that the Father had given all things e Matt. xi. 27: into his hands, and that he was come from God, and chi went to God; 4e he riseth from 1 supper, and m laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. 5 After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. 60 Then cometh he to Simon Peter and Peter saith unto him, Lord, 'dost thou wash f see Matt. iii. my feet? 7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do
xvi. 28. e Luke xxii
were in the world] See ch. xvii. 11.
The prefatory mention of His glory is as it were a protestation, lest it should be thought that the Lord did any thing beneath His dignity in washing the disciples' feet." Bengel. 4. laid aside his garments] "viz. those which might hinder the act of washing." Bengel. He put Himself into the ordinary dress of a servant. Or, which is far more probable, on the deepest grounds, did He not humble Himself so far as literally to divest Him
ch. viii. 42:
27. Phil. ii.
f render, when supper was begun.
k render, was going.
• render, So he cometh.
self, and gird Himself merely, as the basest