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ening and widening as it proceeds. The lower part of this ravine, lying between the Temple and Mount Olivet, is the valley of Jehosophat. On the steep sides of the hill on which the city walls are built, and just below them, is a Turkish cemetery.
We re-entered the city by St. Stephen's gate. Just within the walls, to the left, is a short street leading to the Haram Shereef, or great Mosque, by the gate Sette Mariam. At its extremity is a deep area, one hundred and twenty feet long, forty broad, and ten deep, running parallel with the northern walls of the temp le. It is at present void of water, and its sides and bottom are overgrown with grass and the prickly pear. At its eastern end are some arches dammed up. It is evidently the most ancient work in Jerusalem, and, as such, is an interesting specimen of the primitive architecture of its inhabitants. All travellers seem to agree, that this was the Pool of Bethesda, memorable in the gospel history as the scene of the paralytic related
It originally had five porticoes for the reception of the sick, and was probably called Bethesda, or House of Mercy, from the miraculous cures performed by our Lord, particularly that of the paralytic.