« السابقةمتابعة »
I am not fo vain as to suppose these pages free from faults ; but hoping that they will meet the general approbation of my brethren, and especially of those who are members of that most laudable institution, the scHOOL-MASTERS' ASSOCIATION, eftablished in Newcastle upon Tyne, for the relief of their aged BRETHREN, Widows, and ORPHANS ; I fhall proceed to give a short explanation of the plan ;
First, as the chief foundation of all reading depends particularly on a thorough knowledge of the pronunciation of the characters of the alphabet, and the method of forming them into fyllables, I have, in the first part, given a copy of the alphabet, with the names of the letters, after what is generally termed the new method; that such preceptors as chuse to practice that plan in future, may have an opportunity of seeing it; for my own part, I can only say, that, in the course of upwards of twenty years teaching, I have always found the pupils come falter forward by this method, than by pronouncing the letters in the old form, Besides, it entirely removes that disagreeable tone which children are bač 100 apt to catch in naming the letters, if not properly attended to; and causes a much quicker pronunciation. I have therefore given very copious examples of the alphabetical characters, both in the Roman and Italic lecters, with general potes and remarks upon them.- The fyllable sounds I have divided into chapters, and each of these into tables and leffons progressively, from the simplest sounds to words of three and four letters.
Chap. 2d. Contains fignificant words of three letters with Tome terminations, which I have found very useful in teaching ; throwing off that too common plan of having a run of founds the fame, viz. Bad, dad, lad; mad; &c. which offen retards the progress of a child in its learning.
Chap. 3d. Contains words of four letters, with neceffary remarks and interrogations on the hard and soft sounds of C and G; after which follow fome easy lessons in words of three and four letters.
Chap. 4th. Contains the diphthongal founds, with interrogations thereon; to be repeated to the pupils till they have got them perfectly by heart, which will be found to facilitate their reading the lessons which follow, as examples on the preceding parts.
In part 2d, which consists of diffyllables, trisyllables, and polysyllables ; are given concise rules for dividing them by way of question and answer, which are much easier retain'd by children at first tban long rules; and alfo tables, wherein are words which have the consonants accented; by which the judicious
teachet will see the erroneous method of always abiding by that old rule, viz. a consonant between two vowels must be joined to the latter fyllable ; it is, on the contrary, therefore certainly better to teach a child to divide a word as it is pronounced.
I have endeavoured throughout the whole of these tables, to class the words in such a manner as, I hopë, most teachers will approve, being conformable to their Etymology,
The lessons chosen as exercises thereon, are on various subjects, RELIGIOUS and MORAL, ENTERTAINING and in STRUCTIVE;, and I have concluded the whole with some interrogations on the uses of the points or stops, which, IS trust, will be generally approved, and found of great utility to the young beginner.
net :: As no pains have been spared to render this first book useful, I hope it will be found worthy of its TITLE. the young LADY's and GENTLEMAN'S true INSTRUCTOR in the RUDIMENTS of the ENGLISH TONGUI
The NAMES of the LETTERS of the ENGLISH ALPHABET, After what is termed the new method, as it is cow used.
A) ay vowel
N] in consonant
U you vowel I
ow fometimes a vowel J idge consonant
W and sometimes a conf. K keh confonant Xiks confonant L il consonant
Y wye sometimes a vowel Wy
and sometimes a conf. M im consonant
Z iz consonant * Mr Sheridan, in his Dictionary, observes “ By founding the characters h cj q and x, ha, ek or efs, edge, qua, eks or eg2, their natures and powers will be expressed in their names;" and he has put a vowel before the other confonants, that they may all be founded in that manner, contrary to the usual custom.
+ In teaching the found of the letter R, the child should be told to trill it off his tongue end, to keep clear of the burr.
The letters when taught thus, should be fouoded
The small Roman Vowels are,
The frall Roman Copfondnts are, b c d f
h j k l m n pa rist v w x z.
The small Italic Vowels are, а е O U
The small Italic Confonants arë, b c d f g h j k l m n p q ☺
h k 1 ጌ ታ ዓ
jis tv w x z. The large Roman Vowels and Consonants are A É I OU
IO U W Y. BCDF G H J'K L M NP
QRST V X Z.
* The pupil should be taught from the firft, which are vowels, and whịch are confonants, thus, à vowel, e vo
vowel, b confonant, c confonant, &c. and to call w and y fonietimes vowels and sometimes.consonants, as this will be explained afterwards. The above alphabets thould be but a Ahort time taught in the form they now stand; otherwise, care should be taken never to go twice over the letters in the fame order, but to take them in different positions, left the pupils get their names by heart before they know them.
N. B. The above plan has been pra&iled many years by the author with great succefs.
The large Italic Vowels and Consonants are,
A E LO U W Y. B C D F G H J K L M N P
Q R S T V X Z. The Roman Zetters in promiscuous Order, a ba c b c d a efgf
hi h ijk jl me k m I n. onopaprfsrst stu v ux v w y x w y z X 2. V W
Z Italic Letters in promiscuous Order, & f g mro x hb idulf a w
z u n ty j se p. k g sf fitr sm
it rs mbaj dwn u o hbti k z x y. Roman Letters joined together, commonly called
double Letters. et si fi sh sb sk ff fl fl il ft ffi ffi ffl
Roman Letters similar to each other. bd pqcefflinu r t.
Italic Letters like each other. bhd bf snuli n u r t.