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When the dailie sportes be done,
Round the market crosse they runne;
Prentis laddes, and gallant blades,
Dancing with their gamesome maids,
Till the beadel, stout and sowre,
Shakes his bell, and calls the houre;
Then farewell ladde and farewell lasse
To th' nierry night of Martilmasse.

Martilmasse shall come againe,
Spite of wind and snow and raine;
But many a strange thing must be done,
Many a cause be lost and won,
Many a tool must leave his pelfe,
Many a worldlinge cheat himselfe,
And many a marvel come to passe,
Before return of Martilmasse.


Britius, or Brice, succeeded St. Martin in the bishopric of Tours in the year 399. He died in 444. *15. 1635.THOMAS PARR DIED, ET. 152!


The hour is hastening, in which, whatever praise or censure I have acquired will be remembered with equal indifference.-TIME, who is impatient to date my last paper, will shortly moulder the hand, which is now writing, in the dust, and still the breast that now throbs at the reflection. But let not this be read as something that relates only to another; for a few years only can divide the eye that is now reading from the hand that has written.-Epitaph at Bromley, Kent,


Our saint was a native of Burgundy, or Gratiano-` polis, and died on this day, in the year 1200, of an ague. In 1220, he was canonized at Rome, and his remains were taken up, October 7, 1282, and deposited in a silver shrine.

*17. 1755.-LOUIS XVII, king of france, born. 20.-EDMUND, KING AND MARTYR.

Edmund, King of the East-Angles, having been attacked by the Danes in 870, and unable to resist them, heroically offered to surrender himself a prisoner, provided they would spare bis subjects. The Danes, however, having seized him, used their utmost endeavours to induce Edmund to. renounce his religion; but refusing to comply, they first beat him with clubs, then scourged him with whips, and afterwards, binding him to a stake, killed him with their arrows. His body was buried in a town, where Sigebert, one of his predecessors, had built a church; and where afterwards (in honour of his name) a more spacious building was erected, which, together with the town, was named St. Edmunds-bury; but it is now called Bury. One of the most elegant cemeteries in Europe stands in the centre of two churchyards at Bury St. Edmunds. It is an isolated fragment of the celebrated abbey in which John of Lydgate was a monk, and around it are planted shrubs, trees, and a variety of flowers: a profusion of ivy creeps up the sides of the walls, on which are placed

two or three monuments.


Cecilia was a Roman lady, who, refusing to renounce her religion, was thrown into a furnace of boiling water, and scalded to death. Others say that she was stifled in a bath, a punishment frequently inflicted, at that time, on female criminals of rank.

She suffered martyrdom about the year 225. Cecilia is regarded as the patroness of music, and is represented by Raffaelle with a regal in her hand.


Clement I was born at Rome, and was one of the first bishops of that place; this see he held about sixteen years; from the year 64 or 65 to 81. He was remarkable for having written two Epistles, so excellent, and so highly esteemed by the primitive Christians, that the first was for some time considered canonical. Clement was sentenced to work in the quarries, and afterwards, having an anchor fastened about his neck, was drowned in the sea.

23.-0. MART.

Old Martinmas-Day, an antient quarter day.


Our saint was born at Alexandria, and received a liberal education. About the year 305, she was converted to Christianity, which she afterwards professed with the utmost intrepidity, openly reproving the pagans for offering sacrifices to their idols, and upbraiding the Emperor Maxentius, to his face, with the most flagrant acts of tyranny and oppression. She was condemned to suffer death by rolling a wheel over her body stuck round with iron spikes.

*25. 1748.-DR. WATTS DIED.

Seize on TRUTH, where'er 'tis found,
Among your friends, among your foes,
On Christian or on Heathen ground.
The flower's divine where'er it grows :
Neglect the prickles, and assume the rose.


Cromwell, I did not think to shed a tear
In all my miseries; but thou hast forced me
Out of thy honest truth to play the woman.

Let's dry our eyes: and thus far hear me, Cromwell;


And,-when I am forgotten, as I shall be;
And sleep in dull cold marble, where no mention
Of me more must be heard of,-say, I taught thee,
Say, Wolsey, that once trod the ways of glory,
And sounded all the depths and shoals of honour,-
Found thee a way, out of his wreck, to rise in ;
A sure and safe one, though thy master missed it.
Mark but my fall, and that that ruined me.
Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away AMBITION ;
By that sin fell the angels; how can man then,
The image of his Maker, hope to win by't?
Love thyself last: cherish those hearts that hate thee;
Corruption wins not more than honesty.

Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace,

To silence envious tongues. Be just, and fear not :
Let all the ends thou ain'st at be thy country's,

Thy God's, and truth's; then if thou fall'st, O Cromwell,
Thou fall'st a blessed martyr. Serve the king;
And,-Pr'ythee, lead me in:

There take an inventory of all I have,

To the last penny; 'tis the king's: my robe,

And my integrity to heaven, is all

I dare now call mine own. O Cromwell, Cromwell,
Had I but served my God with half the zeal
I served my king, he would not in mine age
Have left me naked to mine enemies.



This and the three subsequent Sundays, which precede the grand festival of Christmas, take their name from the Latin advenire, to come into ; or from the word adventus, an approach.


Andrew was the son of James, a fisherman at Bethsaida, and younger brother of Peter. He was condemned to be crucified on a cross, of the form of an X; and, that his death might be more lingering, he was fastened with cords.

The Order of the Thistle was instituted by Achaius, King of Scotland, in 787, restored by James V, 1540, revived by King James II, in 1687, and re-established by Queen Anne, in 1703.-See T. T. for 1815, P. 303.

Astronomical Occurrences


THE Sun enters Sagittarius at 54 m. after 2 in the afternoon of the 22d. The Sun will be eclipsed in the morning of the 9th of this month; but the eclipse will be invisible in this country. The conjunction will take place at 73 m. after 2 in the morning, in longitude 7 16° 20'; Moon's latitude 9' N. The eclipse will be central on the meridian at 43 m. after 2, in East longitude 148° 49′, and South latitude 8° 8' The time of his rising and setting for every fifth day of the month is shown in the following table; those for the intermediate epochs must be found by proportion.


Saturday, Nov. 1st, Sun rises 12 m. after 7. Sets 48 m. past 4






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The time to be subtracted from apparent time, as shown by a good sun-dial, to obtain mean time, is given in the following


Of the Equation of Time for every fifth Day of the


m. S.

November 1st, from the time by the dial subtract 16 15

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The Moon will enter her last quarter at 43 m. after 6 in the morning of the 2d; there will be a new Moon at 8 m. after 2 in the morning of the 9th; she will commence her first quarter at 44 m. past 7 in the

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