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Spirit to guide them in the way of all truth. The Saviour promised to his disciples to give them the Comforter, to dwell within them unto everlasting life. They must pray not only with the lips, but with the heart. A very interesting visit. We then came into a smooth winding path among the hills (stone churches cut in the rocks, rise high above), and in one half hour we arrive at the Jacobite village of Kala Mora (Woman Castle). High above is a strong castle held by a woman against Tamerlane the Great, until he retired from its walls. A few minutes more bring us in sight of Mardin, a strong walled city on the mountain side, overlooking the plain and desert that stretches 280 miles towards the south. A strong fortified and strongly guarded castle commands the whole. Mardin has a population of 10,000; 5,000 Moslems; 2,000 Jacobites; 2,000 Armenians; 400 Chaldeans; 500 Assyrians; 100 Jews. We are met at the gate by a cavass, who conducts us to the house of Howadji Yuseph, a Catholic Armenian of large wealth. He receives us very hospitably into an elegantly carpeted and cushioned room, and makes every effort to contribute to our entertainment. The Pasha also sends his Usbashi (major) to meet and accompany us to the Ronak, and inquire what is our wish. Then we pay him a visit at the house of Suleiman Agha (Caimakan). Aali Pasha re
ceives us with great courtesy. He is a noble, soldier-like man, of much personal presence. He was engaged in the war on the Danube and at Kars. He is a great friend of General Williams and the English. We tell him that our journey thus far in the Turkish empire, from Stamboul, has been very agreeable, as we have a great firman from the Sultan. We have been treated with much politeness by all the Pashas, Moodirs, and officers of the Sultan. Only one Usbashi have we met with who said he did not know the Sultan Abdul Medjid or his firman; neither did he care for the Pasha, and he would give us no guard. He immediately sends for his usbashi, (major) and orders the corporal to be removed from office, arrested, and brought to Mardin in irons. Thus summarily is justice dispensed in Turkey. He was dressed in Frank style, and very cordial in his manner.
"Returning thence, the Jacobite bishop (Matran Joseph) calls upon us. A fine-looking, benevolent, venerable man, very like the archbishop of Mosul. He loves much the Bible, is well in. structed in the Scriptures, and desires all his people to have the Bible. It comes from God, tells us of Jesus Christ and the Gospel of salvation, and guides us to heaven.
"We tell him if we both pray for the holy spirit to dwell in our hearts, we may hope to meet in heaven.
"We then go out to take a Turkish bath. Our host has it all made ready, clean, and scented with incense. We are greatly refreshed, and return with a good appetite for dinner. Our host dines with us at his round table, loaded with various and excellent dishes, pilaff, meats, peaches, etc. We have pleasant spiritual conversation at dinner; he seems to be a true Christian at heart. He is a noble specimen of an Armenian gentleman, dressed in a fur robe, with black hair and eyes, intelligent and affable. He wishes to send his children to America, or England to be educated. He is an adopted son of the Sultan, and all his property falls into his hand when he dies. He is also the head of all the Rayahs in the city.
"Our beds are made in comfortable style, and we retire very agreeably for the night.
"A magnificent morning. The Aali Pasha and the Carmakan Suleiman Agha call upon us this morning at our konak. We have a very pleasant visit with his Excellency; he is exceedingly courteous and polite. A fine, commanding man. Our host accompanied us on horseback without the walls of the city. The road is more steep, rugged, and rocky beyond description. In two hours and a half we lunch on the sunny mountain
side, near a stream of cool water, and have before us a wide-reaching view of the surrounding landscape."
These were probably the last words that Mr. Righter wrote. On this day he complained of being unwell, and in a few days he was no more. The following was found in his coat pocket after his death, and was broken off like his own career, in the midst:
"MOSUL, ASIA MINOR, Nov. 14, 1856. "MY DEAR MOTHER: How greatly we have enjoyed our visit to this distant missionary station, on the river Tigris, near the city of Nineveh, to which Jonah preached at the command of the Lord; and they repented in sackcloth and ashes, and 'God repented of the evil that he had said that he would do unto them and did it not,' but afterwards overthrew the city for their sins with terrible destruction.
"The good missionary brethren have given us almost an angel's welcome in this far-off land. Yesterday we rode out to visit the ruins of Nineveh, that was destroyed by fire, and is now buried beneath the crumbling earth of sun-dried brick. The gateways, palaces, and temples have been excavated in deep trenches. We descended underground into these, and there saw the huge,
RUINS OF NINEVEH.
human-headed winged bulls, standing where they were worshipped, at the entrance of the palace temple.
"We saw also the battle scenes of the ancient Assyrians traced upon the walls of their temples: the king in his chariot, the discharge of arrows, the conflict and victory, and the captives brought from far. The siege, too, of a walled city, the towers, battlements, and palm-trees of ancient Tyre, that was conquered by the Assyrians. The cuneiform, arrow-headed, ancient writing, describing these scenes, was also traced upon the blocks of stone underneath. It was most interesting to see