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THE BOOK OF PSALMS,
THEIR LITERAL OR HISTORICAL SENSE, AS THEY RELATE TO KING
DAVID AND THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL, IS ILLUSTRATED ;
AND THEIR APPLICATION TO MESSIAH, TO THE CHURCI, AND TO
INDIVIDUALS AS MEMBERS THEREOF, IS POINTED OUT;
WITH A VIEW TO RENDER THE USE OF THE PSALTER PLEASING AND
PROFITABLE TO ALL ORDERS AND DEGREES OF CHRISTIANS.
GEORGE, LORD BISHOP OF NORWICH,
AND PRESIDENT OF MAGDALEN COLLEGE, OXFORD.
All things must be fulfilled which were written in the Psalms concerning me. Luke, xxiv. 44.
The Prophet, 1. gives thanks, with the church, to God for the manifestation of his NAME, and the wonders of salvation wrought thereby. 2. He declares his resolution of executing judgement and justice in his kingdom, which, 3. had been in disorder and confusion; 4, 5. he rebukes the wicked; 6—8. reminds them of the power, providence, counsels, and judgements of God; 9, 10. he concludes with repeating his resolution to praise God, to break the power of wickedness, and to establish righteousness.
VER. 1. Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks, unto thee do we give thanks: for that thy name is near, thy wondrous works declare.
The church offers up her repeated praises to God for deliverance; she acknowledges the
his NAME in the midst of her, which had been evidenced by the “ wonderful works” wrought for her salvation. Upon whatever occasion these words were originally endited, the Christian church now celebrates in them that great deliverance which, by so many miracles of mercy and power, hath been accomplished for her through Messiah, who is in Scripture frequently styled, “the name of Jehovah.” See Isa, xxx. 27.
2. When I shall receive the congregation, I will judge uprightly.
The first verse was spoken by many persons ; “ unto thee, O God, do we give thanks ;" here the speaker is one, and that one is plainly a ruler, who promises, that when he shall have“ received the con“gregation," or, as some render it, “ when he shall
have gotten an appointed, or fit time, or season,” that is, when he shall be established in power and authority, at a fit time and place, he will “ judge up“rightly," and introduce a thorough reformation into a kingdom, which, as we shall find by the following verse, stood greatly in need of it. From these circumstances it should seem most probable, that David is speaking of his advancement to the throne of Israel, and the intended rectitude of his administration, when he should be settled thereon. What David did in Israel, was done in the church universal, by him who sat upon the throne of David, when he “ received,”. for his inheritance, the great
congregation" of the Gentiles, and the earth was full of the "righteousness” of Jehovah. :
3. The earth, or, the land, and all the inhabitants