Locked Doors: The Seizure of Jewish Property in Arab Countries

الغلاف الأمامي
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001 - 265 من الصفحات
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On the eve of the establishment of the state of Israel, the governments of Iraq, Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon, among others, began persecuting the Jews who had lived in these countries for generations. In most cases the persecution focused on economic measures, aimed at destroying the basis for the very existence of these Jewish communities. The measures became increasingly brutal during the Israeli-Arab conflicts and were also influenced by the claims of displaced Palestinians and internal political strife. Now, for the first time, Itamar Levin tells the full story of this ignored aspect of the Middle Eastern tragedy.

As Itamar Levin shows in this ground-breaking survey, in the Jews of Iraq were first forced to give up their citizenship in order to obtain permission to leave and then their property was seized. The Jews of Egypt were deported after the Sinai Crisis, leaving their property behind. The Jews of Syria were stripped of their property gradually through the years. Levin estimates that the total value of the Jewish property lost in Arab countries is some $6 to $10 billion. No compensation was ever paid to the tens of thousands of Jews who lost their homes, jobs, savings, and property--often overnight--just because they were Jews. Must reading for anyone interested in the modern Middle East and negotiations for a final settlement between the Arabs and Israelis.

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المحتوى

Precisely as in Nazi Germany The Jews of Iraq from the Golden Age to Persecution after the Establishment of the State of Israel
1
They Wallow about in a Desperate State The Jews of Iraq Lose Their Citizenship and Property
21
It Caused a Panic Freezing Property Owned by the Jews of Iraq
43
Down to Their Last Crust of Bread Highs and Lows for the Jews of Iraq from the 1950s to Saddam Hussein
63
Mother Locked the Door and Left The State of Israel Is Established The Jews of Egypt Pay the Price
87
An Evil Duplication of Hitlers Aryanism The Sinai Campaign Egypts Jews Are Banished and Their Property Taken
101
We Had No Home The Egyptian Deportees Register Claims with Partial Restitution for Some
121
Our House Had Become a Ruin Community Property Lost Private Property Stolen
141
Poison Hatred and Destruction Persecution of the Jews of Syria upon the Establishment of the State of Israel
161
For Gods Sake Please Help Us The Jews of Syria Between Persecution and Relief
185
The Community Was Reduced to Ruin The Jews of Lebanon Between Prosperity and Total Annihilation
203
Our Account with the Arab World Israeli Policy and Attitudes of Immigrants from Arab Countries Toward the Question of Property
211
Notes
237
Bibliography
251
Index
257
حقوق النشر

عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

مقاطع مشهورة

الصفحة 146 - ... authority will constitute a continuing committee to decide by agreement on the modalities of admission of persons displaced from the West Bank and Gaza in 1967, together with necessary measures to prevent disruption and disorder. Other matters of common concern may also be dealt with by this committee. 4. Egypt and Israel will work with each other and with other interested parties to establish agreed procedures for a prompt. just and permanent implementation of the resolution of the refugee problem.
الصفحة 25 - The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honor. And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.
الصفحة 118 - They that be slain with the sword are better than they that be slain with hunger: for these pine away, stricken through for want of the fruits of the field.
الصفحة 146 - Disputes arising out of the application or interpretation of this Treaty shall be resolved by negotiations. 2. Any such disputes which cannot be settled by negotiations shall be resolved by conciliation or submitted to arbitration. ARTICLE VIII The Parties agree to establish a claims commission for the mutual settlement of all financial claims.
الصفحة 21 - THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be open to Jewish immigration and the ingathering of exiles. It will devote itself to developing the land for the good of all its inhabitants. It will rest upon foundations of liberty, justice and peace as envisioned by the Prophets of IsraeL...
الصفحة 54 - I hereby make this public— that the value of Jewish property frozen in Iraq will be taken into account with regard to the compensation we have undertaken to pay...
الصفحة 229 - There will have to be some sort of international fund set up for the refugees. There is, I think, some interest, interestingly enough, on both sides, in also having a fund which compensates the Israelis who were made refugees by the war, which occurred after the birth of the State of Israel. Israel is full of people, Jewish people, who lived in predominantly Arab countries who came to Israel because they were made refugees in their own land.
الصفحة 245 - William B. Quandt, Camp David: Peacemaking and Politics (Washington DC: The Brookings Institution, 1986), pp.
الصفحة 212 - Jewish settlement in the Land of Israel, prior to the establishment of the State [of Israel], and the invasion of Arab armies into...
الصفحة 7 - THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL On the eve of the establishment of the State of Israel, there were 130,000 Jews in Iraq, most dealing in trade, industry, craftsmanship, and services.

نبذة عن المؤلف (2001)

ITAMAR LEVIN is Managing Editor of Globe---Israel's Business Newspaper. Since 1995, Levin has been the world's leading journalist in researching and reporting on the issue of Holocaust victims' assets. His previous publications include The Last Deposit: Swiss Banks and Holocaust Victims' Accounts (Praeger, 1999) and His Majesty's Enemies: Britain's War Against Holocaust Victims and Survivors (Praeger, 2001).

RACHEL NEIMAN is Managing Editor of Israel's Business Arena (Globes' English web site).

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