Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

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Oxford University Press, ٢٦‏/٠٢‏/٢٠٠٩ - 272 من الصفحات
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The Turkish Republic was formed out of immense bloodshed and carnage. During the decade leading up to the end of the Ottoman Empire and the ascendancy of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, virtually every town and village throughout Anatolia was wracked by intercommunal violence. Sorrowful Shores presents a unique, on-the-ground history of these bloody years of social and political transformation. Challenging the determinism associated with nationalist interpretations of Turkish history between 1912 and 1923, Ryan Gingeras delves deeper into this period of transition between empire and nation-state. Looking closely at a corner of territory immediately south of the old Ottoman capital of Istanbul, he traces the evolution of various communities of native Christians and immigrant Muslims against the backdrop of the Balkan Wars, the First World War, the Armenian Genocide, the Turkish War of Independence, and the Greek occupation of the region. Drawing on new sources from the Ottoman archives, Gingeras demonstrates how violence was organised at the local level. Arguing against the prevailing view of the conflict as a war between monolithic ethnic groups driven by fanaticism and ancient hatreds, he reveals instead the culpability of several competing states in fanning successive waves of bloodshed.
  

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List of Abbreviations
Introduction
Immigration Political Economy and Identity in the Prewar South Marmara
The South Marmara during the First World War
Crime Recruitment and the Birth of the National Movement in the South Marmara
The Rise and Fall of the Loyalist Opposition in the South Marmara
The South Marmara during the Greek Occupation
Circassians Albanians and the Founding of the Turkish Republic
Conclusion
Cast of Characters
Glossary of Terms
Notes
Bibliography
117
Index
137
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